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3rd Global Summit on Plant Science

Rome, Italy

Silit Lazare

Silit Lazare

Ben Gurion University, Israel

Title: To flower or not to flower? The crucial decision of Lilium longiflorum bulbs


Biography: Silit Lazare


Statement of the Problem: It is generally accepted that Lilium longiflorum has an obligatory requirement for vernalization and that long day (LD) regime hastens flowering. However, the effect of bulb size and origin, with respect to axillary or apical meristem on flowering, as well as the interactions between these meristems are largely unknown.

Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of bulb size, vernalization and photoperiod on L. longiflorum flowering. To this end, we applied vernalization and photoperiod treatments on the different bulb sizes and used a system of constant ambient temperature of 25oC, above vernalization spectrum, to avoid cold-dependent floral induction during plant growth.  Findings: Vernalization and LD hasten flowering in all bulbs. Large, non-vernalized bulbs invariably remained at a vegetative stage. However, small non-vernalized bulbs flowered under LD conditions. Metabolomic profiling revealed a significant effect of a metabolic pathway on the difference between large and small bulbs.

Conclusion & Significance: The results demonstrate that cold exposure is not an obligatory requisite for L. longiflorum flowering, and that an alternative flowering pathway can by-pass vernalization in small bulbs. We suggest that apical dominance interactions determine the distinct flowering pathways of the apical and the axillary meristems, and that biosynthesis of a specific metabolite is the mechanism of this phenomenon. These innovative findings in the field of geophyte floral induction represent valuable applicative knowledge for lily production.