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3rd Global Summit on Plant Science

Rome, Italy

Grace Chen

Grace Chen

U.S. Department of Agriculture, USA

Title: Rapid Development of a Castor Cultivar with Increased Oil Content

Biography

Biography: Grace Chen

Abstract

Castor seed oil contains 90% ricinoleic acid which has a wide range of industrial applications. Improvement in oil content would be of great benefit to castor growers and oil processers. Two cycles of phenotypic recurrent selection were conducted through screening for high oil content castor seeds using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). Selection increased mean oil content of a base population (Cycle 0) of cultivar Impala from 50.33% to 53.87% in Cycle 1 and 54.47% in Cycle 2. Gains from Cycle 1 and Cycle 2 were 3.54% and 0.6%, respectively. The small gain in the second cycle indicated a genetic ceiling of oil content or the genetic variability of the base population was extensively explored. Nevertheless, the 54.47% mean oil content of Cycle 2 ranks the selected material in the top 1% of the entire 1103 castor accessions maintained at United States of Department of Agriculture. As a result of the recurrent selection, we found average seed weight was also increased from 0.44 g in Cycle 0 to 0.50 g in Cycle 1 and 0.54 g in Cycle 2.  Correlation between oil content and weight was moderate (r = 0.43, p < 0.0001) in Cycle 0, and strong in Cycle 1 (r = 0.63, p < 0.0001) and Cycle 2 (r = 0.77, p < 0.0001). To our knowledge, this is the first report of utilizing NMR and recurrent selection for improving oil content in castor